BUENOS AIRES, 19 (NA). – Argentina is the country in Latin America with the highest rate of obesity among children under 5 and in male adults, according to a report by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) of 2017.
Obesity is a chronic disease that requires comprehensive treatment with a healthy diet, anti-sedentary activities, emotional control, drug use, gastric balloon and in extreme cases, bariatric surgery.
"Obesity is a serious public health problem described as a epidemic of the century, used for a variety of economic and human resources for prevention and treatment worldwide, but with separate positive results at present," said Francisco D & 39; Onofrio, a nutrition specialist, creator and supervisor of the Ministry of Health Obesity Program, Tucuman.
Onofrio D 'confirmed that "obesity affects any person without respecting age, gender, race or socio-economic level".
According to WHO, obesity and overweight are defined as an unusual or excessive fat that can be detrimental to individuals and community health.
"This disease is a risk factor for other chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, more acute myocardial blades, stroke, joint injuries and sleep apnea, and the possibility of developing There are several types of cancer, similarly affecting the person who is suffering from obesity by reducing their self-esteem and seeing their social relationships being affected, "he said. nutrition specialist
The doctor said, at present, that obesity "was considered a chronic disease that could be unpleasant (5 to 10% of cases) usually caused by some infective wet disorders such as thyroid (hypothyroidism), Syndrome Cushing (adrenal glands), type 2 diabetes, polycystic ovary or hypogonation syndrome. "
In that way, he explained that "the unusual form (almost 90% of cases) occurs too much in the feeding or to certain sedentary habits, which became a" nutrition transition "phenomenon.
"This method is the most common and is not caused by any disease or changes the organism itself but through the toxicity of health," he added.
Onofrio D said "the rate of obesity has doubled both men and girls in the last 30 years".
The doctor recalled that around 6.5 million adults are currently obese in the country and more than 60% of the Argentine population is overweight, according to the latest National Risk Survey.
"The prevention measures that should be transformed into the different areas of government do not occur, so in this aspect we are disadvantaged in countries like Chile and Mexico." On the other hand, and as an aggravating circumstance, obese in Argentina, according to the INADI is the second cause of discrimination, a situation that is being exacerbated as there is not enough curricular training in the degree programs the professionals that form a health team that treats obese patients, "he said.
The expert said that "prevention is important from pregnancy and childhood, especially adequate nutrition during the first 1000 days of life, is the essential key to a healthy future life, where breastfeeding also has a leading role. It is important to promote healthy eating, exercise anti-sedentary activities, avoiding obesogenic or toxic environments, adequate sleeping hours and effective emotional control ".
"Obesity treatment should be dealt with with indispensable therapy, in fact international recommendations agree that interdisciplinary team should be responsible for implementing actions ranging from hypocaloric feeding schemes with food adhesion, regular exercise of physical activity and anti-activity activities – satellite, mental health support to control emotions with behavioral changes, the use of safe anorectic drugs, the gastric balloon and, for extreme cases, bariatric surgery, "he added.
Recently, an unpublished double clinical trial was carried out in Tucumán using a mazindol (anorectic drug) as an attachment to weight loss.
The study was carried out with provincial police personnel, studied for 3 months with a plan of hypocaloric feeding, physical activity and pharmacotherapy.
After that time, the results showed that the group the administering active ingredient had reduced its 8% physical weight, and also reduced fat fat with higher results in the non-medication group.
This result applies as a reduction in the initial pressure between 5 and 10% provides benefits for the individual's health, improving their quality and life expectancy by reducing risk factors.