Meditation can be as effective in treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as current therapies, says a study of US soldiers treated for PTSD published in Lancet Psychiatry on Friday.
The state was Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) happens after a traumatic event in the context of death, threats of death, serious injury or sexual assault.
It is characterized by repetitive and invasive memories of the event, evenings, avoiding any element (where, situations) that remember trauma, identifying disorders or depression.
Often there is a state of post-traumatic stress disorder among people victims of assaults a soldiers (14% of American soldiers who served in Iraq or Afghanistan would suffer).
Existing treatments, the exposure therapy is used frequently. It involves bringing the person with PTSD to find themselves gradually to situations, places, images, ideas, sounds, smells and memories that are related to them. traumatic event, in order to "familiar"the body is no longer responsive to the reminder and trauma elements, and so to reduce it.
But this technique is painful for PTSD victims and 30-45% of patients leak treatment, says the study.
Researchers from three American universities tried to practice reflection with a study of 203 US veterans with PTSD.
The soldiers, men and women were divided into three groups: one reflection meditation, the second was the exposure therapy and the third course with theoretical of post-traumatic stress.
60% of veterans and practiced 20 minutes of daily reflection saw their symptoms recovering.
And they were more likely to complete the study than the group that is exposed to exposure therapy.
Reflection is about focusing on an object or idea to achieve a mental state, calm and peaceful.
"y reflection It can be exercised only, pretty big everywhere ac at any time, without using specialist equipment or personal help"said Sanford Nidich, the main author of the study.
"Given the growing problem caused by post-traumatic stress in the United States, Great Britain and elsewhere in the world, alternative therapies as a meditation must be part of the options operated by the health authorities."he said.