After driving from the need for income and in search of personal achievement, more and more citizens continue or return to the labor market – and this increase has & # 39 ; motivated by entrepreneurship.
According to the latest data from the Institute of Geography and Brazil Statistics (IBGE), in the second quarter of this year, 46% of the employed population over the age of 60 worked on their own account and 9.3% were entrepreneurs.
Meanwhile, only 1 in 4 (26%) of the elderly had a formal post, while 18% in the informal sector, according to the IBGE Household Household (Pnad) Sample.
"Autonomous or informal work is often the only option in a market that still offers a few formal jobs for this audience," said Mórris Litvak, founder of the MaturiJobs workstation i henoed.
Open start after 60
At the age of 60, Veronique Forat had left her communication and marketing career behind her and decided to open a start with her partner, Martha Monteiro, 64. Both in 2017 created a site that connects people who are ; ready to stay or live with each other based on affin, Morar.com.vc, who works in the city of Sao Paulo.
They met in a post-60 post consolidation workshop and were able to follow a second career. The challenge to make improvements to the site is great, having realized that the business needs a lot of technology information.
But this is not the lack of technical mastery that Veronique saw as a barrier to age.
"The difficulty is that we will not be taken seriously in a male and very young environment as additions," he said.
Veronique says there are investors in betting "on the countryside" on things starting on top of two older girls. "But she sees maturity as an advantage in this environment and also a" food "for the creativity that is required in that environment.
Not only was the financial need that triggered it to start a business after 60, but the motivation to continue to have challenges, according to its challenge, is "keeping people alive".
"It is not possible that many people do not realize the huge potential that mature people have. There is a resilience with age," said Veronique.
"In an older age, you know, if you take a slap and sit down, the world has not stopped," said the entrepreneur.
According to Luciana Franco, a partner of Wella Human Consulting, there is, in fact, a space in the Brazilian market to start with third-year professionals for qualifying, mature and with a high sense of responsibility.
"Entrepreneurship has been a route chosen by many older Frasers as an alternative to more active life, including after retirement," he says.
Increased participation of older people in entrepreneurship
The Sebrae survey of 2017 showed that there were 12.35% of country entrepreneurs in the 55-64 age group – 6.1 million and 49.4 million. According to the study, 32.3% of people in this age group are entrepreneurs – 10.3% in the initial phase and 22.4% have already been established.
In this age group, the proportion of people who opened business increased by 7% in 2012 to 10.4% in 2016.
According to the survey, 61% of the initial entrepreneurs are women, which are explained by the economic crisis, which stimulates older women or retirees to undertake them to supplement family income , according to the Sebrae.
Retirees, about 8% have already opened their own business, according to another Sebrae survey. A further 25% intend to open a company in the future and, of these, 10.8% intend to open it up to two years. About 80% already know what type of business they would like to set up – 6 out of 10 chose the trade, especially in the food business.
For 7 out of 10 respondents, the incentive to start a business is derived from financial reasons, such as adding income and helping the family:
49.7% intend to open a company to supplement the income – whether it owns it or the family;
21% identified the need to support the family;
21% think of staying busy after retirement;
& # 39; I did not want to wait & # 39;
Retirement Márcio Nogueira, 62, decided to invest in his own business after working for 42 years in companies as an administrator with expertise in logistics and transport.
Just over a year ago, he is managing a merchant's merchandise in the country cleaning products stores, Ecoville, in Campinas, in São Paulo.
The desire to venture to entrepreneurship came after retirement in 2015, and the decision on a franchise fair came to Rio de Janeiro.
"I worked as a manager, with a formal agreement, but I always wanted to start my own business," he said.
Nogueira says he had a busy professional life and did not want to sit on retirement. "But I wanted something that had no point or fixed-time commitment to open and close, that would allow me to travel whenever I wanted," he said.
He chose the mobile point, with door-to-door sales, for companies and commercial organizations and services, in a specific region of Campinas. Nogueira has the help of his nephew Saint Clair, 40, who looks after selling, and he's managing the company.
The investment was about $ 100,000 – it was necessary to buy cars, computers and renting properties for deposit and office.
"Before, when he was employed, at the end of the month he had the money secured. There is now uncertainty, but it is pleasing to realize a dream and see customer satisfaction," he said.
Nogueira says that the first year was learning and loss, focusing on products that sell more and less lists, but this year he managed to balance the accounts.
The business server is proud he has managed to merge the dream of his / her own business after 60 years, with the possibility of visiting a girl in Rio de Janeiro, for example, mid week.
"Last month, I was out in Portugal with my wife, managing everything there. I wanted to continue working, but in a flexible way. And I can go around everything in the distance," said the entrepreneur.
According to Latvik, from MaturiJobs, the large participation of entrepreneurs in this age group is explained not only by the lack of opportunity in the formal market, but by choosing many older people for more flexible functions and without a fixed timetable or needing displacement.