Half a century ago, the computer history made a huge jump when Douglas Engelbart, the then 43-year-old engineer at the Stanford Research Institute in the center of the Silicon Valley, took up a car – what became known as the "have all" demo " .
December 9, 1968 At a computer conference in San Francisco, Engelbart showed the first signs of many technologies that we all now take for granted: videoconferencing, modern desktop user interface, text processing, hypertext, mouse, collaborative editing , among many others.
Even before his famous demonstration, Engelbart outlined his vision for the future more than half a century ago in his 1962 document entitled "Strengthening Human Intellect: A Conceptual Framework".
To open a 90-minute presentation, Engelbart raised the issue that was unclear at the beginning of the 21st century: "If your office as an intellectual was provided with a computer display backed up by a computer that was alive for you all day long and Was immediately responsible, sensitive to any action you had, how much value would you get from this? "
Of course, at that time, there were huge hippies on computers that were light years from handheld devices, which virtually became a continuation of ourselves.
Engelbart, who died in 2013, was inspired by the legendary essay published in 1945 by Vannewar Bush, a physicist who led the United States Department of Scientific Research and Development during the Second World War.
This essay, "How We Can Think," pondered on "a future device for personal use, which is a kind of mechanized private file and library." It is this piece that was stuck with young Engelbart, and later a fleet specialist based in the Philippines for more than two decades.
By 1968, Engelbart created what he called "oN-Line System", or NLS, proto-Intranet. ARPANET, the Internet's predecessor, will not be created until the end of next year.
After nine years, in 1973, Xerox debuted alto, was considered the first modern personal computer. This, in turn, served as an inspiration for both Macintosh and Microsoft Windows, and the rest, of course, is a story.
"Doug and [J.C.R. Licklider] were two of our far-sighted business cards, "said Virs Cerf, co-founder of the TCP / IP protocol, in July 2013.
Doug NLS was so close to what Valentine Bush saw Memex, which could be obtained in the 1960s. He had a keen eye on how computers could increase human potential for thought. Much of what happened in Xerox PARC, has the beginning of the Arc and the people who created the NLS with it [Web] is a manifestation of some of the things that he imagined or had hoped for, although his aspirations were even greater than those relating to human and computing partnerships. "
In 2015, the Stanford University organized the Demo, a musical theater inspired by the event.
The Museum of Computer History in Mount Pine, California, is celebrating its 9th anniversary, and on December 12th, later than a week later.