The Indian Medical Research Alliance (ICMR) will soon take on the vaccine trials developed inherently against the Zika virus, and cases were reported in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat.
The ICMR will carry out phase II of the vaccine test to establish the effectiveness and protection of the vaccine together with adverse effects, said senior officer.
An Hyderabad-based Bharat Biotech maker has developed a vaccine and will claim that they will protect against infection caused by Zika Asian virus stress as well as African virus Zika stress, the officer.
"The company had developed the vaccine about two years ago. At that time, we did not have a Zika case in India since it was only limited to Latin America." Zika virus is spread to it People mainly by biting Aedes' species of mosquitoes infected, and there are some places in some states. Vector control is one of the most challenging work. So the vaccine, if its effectiveness is proved, is a better strategy, "says the officer.
The process for regulatory approvals to carry out the trial will be started soon, he told them.
"Yes, we are in discussions with Bharat Biotech, but the approval is not yet in place. He must also go through the drug manager. In any case, the trial will take place but next year. This year, the cases are almost over, "said Dr Balram Bhargava, general director of Indian Medical Research Council (ICMR).
Two people, who have proven positively on the Zika virus, died in the Bhopal Madhya Pradesh area while the number of people suffering from the disease had crossed 120 in the state.
The deceased – a 18-year-old man and a 23-year-old woman – suffered from the "virus" and other "serious" diseases. Therefore, they can not be said to have died because of Zika, officers had explained.
The virus has 127 people infected, and 40 of them are pregnant women, says officials.
People have proven positively about the Zika virus in seven regions of Madhya Pradesh. This includes 44 cases reported by Bhopal, 20 Sehore, 29 from Vidisha, two of them by Sagar and Hoshangabad, and one for each of Narsinghpur and Raisen.
A central team is reviewing the situation and assisting the Madhya Pradesh government to repeat measures and implement the action plan in Jaipur and Ahmedabad to include the disease, says the senior officer.
Rajasthan has reported 159 cases of Zika infections.
In India, the first case of the Zika virus was reported in Ahmedabad in January 2017 and the second in the Krishnagiri area of Tamil Nadu in July of that year. Both these cases were successfully included through intensive supervision and vector control.
During the latest cases of the virus in the country, the first case led on 22 September, when an 85-year-old woman proved positive for the virus in Jaipur. Since then, the number of Zika cases has risen to 153 in Rajasthan.
In Madhya Pradesh an intense screening exercise is carried out and vector control measures are intensified. The government has also announced councilors to area administrations to take steps to check mosquito breeding.
The state health department has advised pregnant women not to go to the affected areas.
The Zika virus, transmitted by the mosquitoes of Aedes aegypti, causes fever, skin, contamination, muscle pain and with it. Pregnant women are damaging, as the mother can pass fetal infection during pregnancy or around the time of birth that results in a micro-imbalance, a state where a baby's head is significantly lower than custom.
The disease under the supervision of the Union Health Ministry although the British Public Health Emergency is no longer under the WHO notice.
(With inputs by agencies)
Published First: November 19, 2018 08:42 IST