The Ministry of Education reported that around 158,000 children from all over the school system, on average, finished first and passed to the second without an adequate level of reading for their age, or even , not knowing how to read.
This makes the performance difficult in Language and in any other area that needs to read or understand some Mathematical problem, coming later in poor reading.
Faced with this situation, the Mineduc launched the Leo Primero program focusing on this level of basic education.
"Since 2012, we have seen the results stagnant when reading. If we do not do something radical, we will reach 2020 and we will not even have improved the results significantly. Therefore, we are doing a program that focuses on the basic basic training for basic basic teachers that we believe we have a basic role, with special funds, with special materials, with training in what's reading techniques, "details Education Minister Marcela Cubillos.
The Secretary of State stated that "here there are methodology issues, focus issues, material issues".
The concrete measures taken include increasing the text of the school's digital libraries and that every organization has a library – by 2021 there are 270 organizations across the country.
It is also added that each course will receive a set with texts and materials, pedagogy support and, as well as training teachers, there will be a special fund that schools can apply to implement strategies that encourage reading among first degree children.
Meanwhile, the education policy 2020, Nicole Cisternas, realized that "the number of children who do not understand what they read is about 50 percent in the fourth grade or eighth grade."
"We believe that there is a very central issue in teacher training, how we work on reading with students and how we also incorporate families. It's hard for a child to be motivated to read if nobody is reading at home. He must also do it with policies to encourage reading at a national level, but at school and public policy levels, we believe that it is important to innovate, "he said.
The regions with lower reading levels are Atacama, Valparaíso, La Araucanía and also the Metropolitan Region.