Wednesday , January 27 2021

Malaria is still a danger in the world



The new report of the World Health Organization (WHO) on the malaria situation (Malaria) produces a new health warning worldwide. According to the document, published yesterday by the organization, during the past year, the reduction in the number of people affected by the disease was cut, which is transmitted through the bacteria of anopheles mosquitoes. has infected and caused high fever, seals, flu-like symptoms and anemia.

And in 2017 there were 219 million cases, two million more compared to 2016, after the figures fell since 2010, a period where 239 million cases were introduced. As he explained Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director General WHO, Although no-one should die due to malaria, there is a "death of an increase that could spoil years of work, invest, and good results in reducing the number of patients."

Historically, his transfer has worried about the continent of Africa and tropical territories, a continuing trend. WHO revealed that 70% of cases occurred in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the United Kingdom of Tanzania and Uganda and India. And, while malaria can be prevented by using insecticides in mosquito nets, half of the African population at risk of being infected "did not sleep under a net after treatment", according to WHO.

For Colombia, malaria is not a long problem. Of the 630 cases presented in America, 8% were in our country. In addition, 53% of the continent's registrations in Venezuela registered (see graph). When EL COLOMBIANO asked Manuel Élkin Patarroyo, who developed the vaccine against this disease, if the country is at risk, a specialist and director of the Colombian Immunology Institute (FIDIC) states that "the disease is transferable and can cross all boundaries."

Transfer of malaria is a focal point. That is, when the warning is produced in a country, this does not mean that all the territory has the same level of risk. This is true in the case of Chocó, a section with the highest number of transfers. In addition, the country shares its borders with the two countries with more cases in the continent: Brazil and Venezuela, the latter, have risen in 70% cases, Demand for reflection on government malaria prevention policies Nicolás Maduro

However, for WHO "the region has made significant progress", since eleven countries have introduced a fall in cases. José Pablo Escobar, The Dean of Faculty of Public Health at the University of Antioquia states that, in principle, one can talk about risk when considering the causes that occur in the neighboring country, but this depends on the place referred to and in Venezuela, the Bolívar state, is the largest that will be affected by this situation.

In terms of the increase in cases registered by WHO, Escobar says that the important thing is the trend. If this is more than five years to decline, that does not mean that things are improving and that tends to happen in Colombia "and says" there should not be a death ", which is sickness which can be stopped with public policies appropriately- and what is being treated.

At the moment, Rosario and Fidic University are experiencing the effectiveness of the new malaria vaccine developed by Patarroyo, supported by the government of Ghana, with its total population – 28 million people – at risk of contracting malaria, and Africa is # 39; r continent still with the highest number of cases and deaths due to malaria.

Kwadwo Koram, former director of the Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research in Ghana, says "the problem is reducing, reports show that there is more control and in recent years the situation has been declining, but it is not I've dropped to nothing. We have to continue doing a lot of work so that I can get there. "But what governments can do to stop its transfer?

Koram and Escobar said it was important to improve care, inform the population how the disease can be prevented and supporting science. Causes like Paraguay, who were certified as malaria free of charge in June this year, were the first country in America to have this status of Cuba, 45 years ago, showing that the work around malaria benefits from the population.

Can Colombia achieve? José Pablo Escobar He says that the aim of the Ministry of Health is certification, but a great effort should be made and it can be reached, ten or more years can go. We must improve the ability to search for cases in all sectors where there are conditions Illusion that favors transfer, which is a lot. "So there are future tasks in the country and in the world to prevent malaria.


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