Monday , August 2 2021

Delhi Air Quality in 2016 Less Life expectancy by 10 years: Study

Among the 50 most polluted areas in the country, Delhi was second to Bulandshahr.

New Delhi:

In the last two decades, air quality of Delhi was the "most deadly" in 2016 as it reduced the life expectancy of a resident over 10 years, a new study said on Monday, claiming that the second national was the capital city 50 most polluted areas of the country.

India today is the second most corrupt country in the world, but not only is Nepal, and said he had lost the highest life expectancy in Asia, over six years in many parts of India and China.

According to the index of air quality life and the report produced by the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (EPIC), particulate particulate pollution reduces average life expectancy by 1.8 years, making it a global threat to health people.

"When compared, hand cigarettes smoke leads to a reduction in a global average life expectancy of around 1.6 years," he said.

"The effect of particulate pollution on life expectancy is similar to smoking, twice the use of alcohol and drugs, three times unsafe water, five times of HIV / AIDS, and more than 25 times of conflicts and terrorism," he said.

The study noted that the concentration of fine particles increased over the last two decades, on average across India, reducing the typical life expectancy of a typical Indian citizen by 4.3 years compared to 2.2 years in 1998.

Concentrations of particulate pollution in the northern provinces of India, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, and the National State of Delhi were said to be "significantly higher" and the impact on life expectancy more than six years.

He said pollution is the "greatest threat" to human health globally, with an impact on life expectancy more than serious communicable diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV / AIDS, behavioral killers such as cigarette smoking, and even war.

Sixty-five percent of the global population or 5.5 billion people live in areas where particulate pollution is more than a WHO guide.

"The AQLI shows that India and China, which form 36 percent of the world's population, account for 73 per cent of each year of life lost due to particulate pollution," he said.

The study says that particulate pollution is "so serious that it drops an average Indian life expectancy of more than four years compared to what would be if the WHO guidelines were met".

Among the 50 most polluted areas in the country, Delhi was second to Bulandshahr.

In Delhi, the study said PM 2.5 concentration (particles in the air with a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometers) was 114 microgram / m3 in 2016, which is 1.6 times more than 70 microgram / m3 in 1998.

In Bulandshahr, the PM 2.5 concentration was 124 microgram / m3 in 2016, which is 1.6 times more than 70 microgram / m3 in 1998, he said.

Delhi's air pollution reduced the life expectancy of more than 10 years of typical resident in 2016 in a period of 18 years between 1998-2016, the study said.

"In 1998, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Bihar had already suffered from particulate concentrations that exceeded WHO's safe levels according to factors from 3 to 6 and less residents' life expectancy between 2 and 5 years old," said & # 39; the study.

"Over the next two decades, pollution in these regions has increased as much as 10 times WHO's safe restriction in the case of Uttar Pradesh, where levels of air pollution now reduce life expectancy by 8.6 years," he said.

The AQLI is based on a pair of peer-reviewed studies that measure the causal relationship between long-term human exposure to particulate pollution and life expectancy.

The results of these studies are then combined with hyper-local particulary measurements, flexible, giving unprecedented insight into the true cost of air pollution in communities around the world.

In 2016, the additional life years of complying with the WHO's guide would increase the average life expectancy after a birth between 69 and 73 years – earn more than eliminate unsafe water and poor hygiene, & # The second largest environmental health risk in the country, he said.

Some US residents are still losing up to a year of life of pollution, which he noted.

"Around the world today, people breathe that represent a serious risk to their health.

"But the way this risk is communicated is often unnecessary and confusing, translating air pollution concentrations into colors, such as red, brown, orange and green. Michael Brightstone, the Milton Friedman Professor of Economics and EPIC director, said that those colors mean that people's well being has always been blurred.

Greenstone also noted, "My colleagues and I have developed the AQLI, where I'm still looking for a & # & # 39; s address to & These are shortcomings. They take particulate air pollution concentrations and turn them as possible as possible – life expectancy. "

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