New Delhi: Diabetes can hit anyone from any inconvenient chronic lifestyle that occurs when the body does not produce any insulin or enough.
Unfortunately, Type 1 diabetes, often known as Youth diabetes, is on the increase in Delhi children. Experts reveal that around 90 per cent of patients are under or under 4-5 years of age. Experts said that insufficiency in insulin or insulin secretion or both causes Diabetes Mellitus and this condition is increasing worldwide.
According to Atlas Diabetes 2015 published by the International Diabetes Federation, the number of people with diabetes in India is currently around 69.2 million and is expected to rise to 123.5 million by 2040. Type 1 diabetes mellitus is one of & # 39 ; the most common pediatric endocrine illnesses. It is estimated that India is home to around 97,700 children with T1DM.
India had identified the number of cases of youth diabetes (which started under 15 years) less than one per cent to 3.61 per cent between 1964 and 1989. In 2006, the ICMR established a People's Registry with Diabetes with Young Age at Onset (YDR) in 2006 to investigate the history of diabetes in the young in India.
Dr Rajeev Yadav, the unit that is responsible for him, Kasturba Gandhi Hospital said that Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus occurs in children, adolescents or young adults when their cells that produce insulin in their pancreas are destroyed . Insufficient insulin then causes glucose or sugar to enter the bloodstream rather than to use it as energy, balancing the level of sugar.
He added that the reason for this condition is not exactly known. However, an autonomous disease, where the immune system is misconduct and destroys the healthy cells in the pancreas, is one of the guilty parties. Legacy also plays an important part in autonomous diseases.
Dr Yadav also mentions that there is too much thirst, more appetite, incredible vision, weight loss and too many of the symptoms in children that should be taken seriously, because they may occur because of Diabetes Mellitus .
Experts also said that the truth is that most of these children are more easily playing games on a tablet or on the phone, using bats or rackets. The lack of mobility and poor eating habits and the results in weight gains are some of the factors that cause diabetes. "Parents should limit their children's TV watching time to a minimum, push them up in outdoor games and make sure they have a balanced diet and are not willing to gorging on junk food," experts said.
It can be diagnosed by considering the information given by the patient or adult who cares for the patient. Urine dipstines, blood glucose test strips, rapid blood sugar, oral glucose tolerance, random blood sugar, haemoglobin A1c (Hb1C) are some of the tests that can be made to confirm the diagnosis.
Dr Kuldeep Kumar, Assistant Professor, GTBH said that concentration of blood glucose level should be monitored regularly so that variation can be controlled to prevent complications. "Some of the symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) breathe deeply, rapidly, in dry skin and in the mouth, in the face of dispersed, breath breath, fruit, nausea and vomiting and abdominal pain (DKA) that may be fatal and developing due to lack of insulin, "he added.
If diabetes is not controlled in the initial stages then it can lead to a number of complications such as pedestrians and may affect delays, nerve damage in the legs and feet, problems in the eye and kidney failure.
Therefore, it is important to contact an eligible doctor immediately, and apart from prescribing the medication will also lead the patient and the carer to make lifestyle changes so that he can lead a sufficient life normal.