Last week, the number of influenza in Valmiera exceeded the threshold of the epidemic, so the start of the flu epidemic in Latvia is announced today, the Center for the Prevention and Control of Diseases (SPPC) said.
The data of monitoring of the SPC show that in the second week of this year in one of the ten rayons included in the monitoring, there were 163.6 cases of influenza per 100,000 inhabitants, that is, the threshold is 100 per 100,000 inhabitants.
In the second week of this year in Riga there were 78,6 cases of flu per 100,000 inhabitants, 57,7 in Jelgava, 45 in Ventspils, 35,3 in Jurmala, 22,8 in Daugavpils and 13,1 in U. 100 000 in Liepaja.
On average, in Latvia, the intensity of the influenza reached 52.8 cases per 100,000 inhabitants.
Hospitalized patients in the hospital last week reported in Riga, Jelgava, Liepaja, Rezekne, Ventspils and Jekabpils, where 113 patients were hospitalized, of which 33 patients with influenza-induced pneumonia were hospitalized. Since the beginning of the flu, 428 hospitalized patients have been registered, including 72 cases of pneumonia.
As pointed out by SPCP, people with chronic diseases of the influenza and chronic diseases – cardiovascular, chronic diseases of the lungs and kidneys, diabetes mellitus, cancer patients, patients with chronic infections, and people with impaired immune status are the most affected. Influenza is especially dangerous for young children and pregnant women.
The best protection against complications associated with influenza and influenza is the annual vaccination, experts said. Given that the immune system develops within 14 days after vaccination, and the spread of the flu usually lasts for several months, until the end of May, vaccination against the flu is not too late during the epidemic, SPCC experts point out, adding that healthcare providers are also advised to protect themselves and their immunization against the vaccine.
SPCC epidemiologists remind that to prevent the spread of viruses, if a person has a flu or a flu-like illness, napkins or coughing should be used, and then they should wash their hands. Epidemiologists invite you to stay at home and contact your family doctor in case of illness.
At the same time, the National Health Service reminds that during the flu epidemic family home visits to patients with influenza are paid from the state budget if the registered patient lives in the main area of the doctor's activity. These patients should only pay a national fee of 2.85 euros per visit.
This year the flu epidemic was announced a bit earlier than last year. Last year, the epidemic of flu was announced on January 30, when 117.9 cases per 100,000 inhabitants were registered in Daugavpils. But after about four months, May 3, the flu epidemic has ended.
The flu last season took more than 40 lives.