Tuesday , June 15 2021

Widow of the most famous artists: one of the name & muse, others – bored men's monster



In history, Alma became the wife and the inspiration of one of the most famous 20th century composers, Gustave Mahler (he was only able to develop years of living in severe heart disease when she sat next to her) . Very married to the first architect Walter Gropius (later deserved Bauhaus – one of the most influential modernistic styles – the name of the pioneer). When this love, fortunately or unfortunately, came to an end in divorce, he became married to the famous author of Austria Franz Werfel. Almos casters list – and the most famous artists of that time, Gustav Klimt and Oscar Kokoschka.

"Trying to embrace Soul soul in one novel was an incredible task – it was really a great woman," admitted American author Mary Sharratt, in Ecstasy's novel, trying to restore the atmosphere of the twentieth century on Vienna and & # 39; The portrait of Alma Mahler.

"As a fan of Gustaf Mahler, I have been interested in Germany," the author of the novel explained in one interview. – So many 20th century women were not surrounded by such scandals and bad reputation in auras. Some Alma researchers are romantic like a celebrity of famous creatures, others blame and call men a bitter monster. And because she is also a composer, many tend to forget, it's more important to look at the fact that she was not ideal for her husband's great partner and was not silent to be perfect! I wanted to show what she really was. "

Mercy of the first kiss

Alma's childhood is called the most beautiful girl in Vienna. I was born in a pathetic family – her father was recognized as the landscape painter Emil Jakob Schindler. Then, the deep wound left only the unbelievable death of the father in the middle of the thirty and the fact that Mum was married to Carlo Mollo, a male and secret student of her beloved.

Gustav Klimt was the first German-born artist. It did not deal with portraits, but in many biblical works, it is possible to recognize the features of the fallen girl in the eye. The artist who was difficult to resist women's charm, who at least asked Alma to go to the studio. True, without satellites. The girl, who got up in a boomous family of artists, said this step – at least this is the official story – and it did not go because he understood the dangers that remain there. However, as bloggers put it, Gustav Klimt was pleased to prove the sweetness of the first kiss (interesting fact – "Kiss" is the famous work of this Austrian symbol, one of the most well-known in the world).

The novel was more serious and did not expand, it was enough for the mothers and mothers of Germany to reach the message that the girl had secretly walked with a good friend several times. He was not a secret to them that a family friend could not resist beautiful girls, so Gustav Klimt's door was buried and his promise was not to go to the girl.


The book

The book

© Image of social network

The occupation is to make a man happy

Twenty-one was Alma when Gustav Mahler, aged 19, met. The leader was a star, director of the famous Opera Opera. Her symphony has not yet been recognized, she has been making music alone during her free time or during summer holidays. Gustav Mahler was fascinating by the beauty of a girl, this was not unfavorable to music orders.

Alma was full of music, not only did he sing the piano perfectly, but also trying to create music for songs according to the rows of his favorite poets. However, it was not anticipated in the vision of family life Gustav Mahler, who outlined in a twenty page letter. The essential condition was strict – both composers in the house can not be. "Take my music as yourself …" he said. "From now on, you can get one occupation – make me happy."

Alma, whatever the music-related ambition, would have come from the altar. Maybe because I'm already waiting. The Vienna Opera House home environment has long been caught by the artistic free rope environment where his parents, later the mother and family of the father, were renowned for him. Gustav Mahler did not go to the guests, he did not want the parties to be held at home. Everything was done in the house with the composer on a strict agenda: on the seventh he sat in the breakfast table, and worked for a few hours and pulled out to Vienna opera.

When Gustav Mahler came from the desk in the morning and took the door of the theater, the phone call would sound there, so the secretary told his wife that he would be on the stairs for fifteen minutes . His spouse had to wait at the door door, so that the interesting husband should not call the bell or look for keys, and he could go straight to the board where clouds would already be serving (not too hot but not fatty – the composer was weak in health and adhering to the diet restrictions).

During lunch time, the graves were still silent because they were rare breathing times that Gustav Mahler could play for theater work rather than work. In the afternoon, he and a wife went to the park to go for a while and then go to the theater. If that night did not work, Gustav Mahler watched the performance of the director's lounge. The wife's wife was staying in the lunch table.

Diary records reveal what happened to a storm on the soul of Alma: the family's order was pushed into despair, tortured without being able to sit down to the piano and put into music, because assumed by the spouse. The situation in the home did not weaken and the arrival of two daughters to the world (Anna Anna, named in 1902, Anna), the family suffered severe blast when the daughter of the four-year-old first of diphtheria. Soon, the composer was diagnosed with a severe heart disease.

Alma's pain and serious anxiety went to the sanatorium, and there … he fell into the four-year-old gang of Walter Gropius's younger architect. I do not know that, by drawing attention (explained at least later), Walter addressed the love letter to her husband, so Gustav Mahler learned about the wife's infidelity.

The composer appealed to Sigmund Freud himself for advice on a failed marriage rescue. In fact, he did not lie on his famous sofa, a psychological-analytical father was given advice during his holiday in Leiden. Men talked about walking, walks lasting more than four hours. After a reliable conversation, the relationship between the spouse has changed.

Gustav Mahler began to encourage his wife to remember the passion for music, to allocate his Eighth Symphony, and to the disguised titles of the Tenth Symphony: "To live for you, to die for you, Alma". She was beside her husband until her last breath – the death of a 50-year-old Gustav Mahler in May 1911.

In the "collection" the writer has been hanging

Mary Sharratt's "Ecstasi" novel ends with a sad expectation – a young widow who left alone with her daughter. How did she live?

Gustav Mahler left the property that allowed a wife to live well. After the death of Alma, she had no music, although there were no obstacles. Teilija's 17 songs have been created, their sets have been released. Nothing else, even though it is known of blog posts that he has created or began to create over a hundred songs for various instrumental pieces, he also began to create an opera. No matter how horrible it came, Alma gave much work to Alma to promote the creatures of Gustave Mahler. "I loved his spirit, and as a man who left with a plan," he first evaluated his German wife.

In 1912, Alma left a novel with twenty Czech artists Oscar Kokoschka (his passion for the artist was never caught in the picture "The Wind & Bride"). Legends lie down the artist's generation, as if she were waiting for all the night to the beloved windows and looked out if anyone else was secretly walking away in her bedroom.

He held the passionate connection for a few years, after one of Alma's deadly disputes was pregnant, aborted and excluded Oscar from his life. It is said that the artist who was burned by a fine was ordered to make a donkey similar to an unfortunate believer, to carry it to the parties, and once everyone was already entertaining, wine had wrapped and broken his head Serious … When rumors spread after Vienna, the police decided to even ask the artist, not hurt anyone that night.

After breaking this relationship, Alma complied with the old architect of Walter Gropius, a couple who married Manona's daughter, but married the unbelievable mistress of jealousy to men before a woman. In 1917, while the man was still fighting at the front of the First World War, Alma met the new poet Franz Werfel, who won the son of Martin after a year, and died during babies. In 1920 he married a second husband. The third marriage was held nine years later, and during that time he gave such a successful motivation to a loving career that Franz Werfel's novels were taken away from book shelves ("If I did not meet Alma, I would have written a few good poems and go to the bottom … "as an author to admit).

One secondary school had yet something to go on the tongue, one day the wife was lucky, as she thought she would be a young man who had fallen into a trap: " Dear Franz, seems to be missing from the writer's collection, she is already a multi-planet gun … "

The life of the marriage with the third man was full of tragic challenges: the daughter of Germany, Manona, died only seventeen from poliocytitis, the couple had to flee from the Nazi Germany (Franz Werfel Jew), who was dramatically later succeeded in escaping the Nazis who occupied France; from Lisbon to Black, sailing to the ship and crossing Atlantis. The wife in Los Angeles wrote, Franz Werfel wrote novels and a script for Hollywood films, which died in 1945 after a heart attack.

Alma moved to New York, and nurtured the glory of later Gustav Mahler's death, and royalties allowed her to count her money for performing her work. The rewards for the books sold by Franz Wellell have also contributed to the large amounts. Alma died in New York, who was eighty five in 1964, had buried in Vienna next to her daughter, Manona.

"Trying to grasp the soul of Alma in one romance was an incredibly difficult experience – it was really a great woman," writes the author Mary Sharratt. I've been created in the 20th century. The German portrait, living in Vienna, is a man-man, dynamic, and perfectly reflects the essential part of a woman's spirit of that time: the conflict between creative personality and wife faithful, dedicated to the body and soul of her husband.

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