An image of educational content has been circulated on social media, citing the issue of social equality as an example of a family father, a public transport driver, telling his son that he had suffered economic losses through the so-called “fiftieth march” as a reference to demonstrations against the presidency of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador.
This content is real, but it is not in the textbook because it is the 5th semester of secondary education, a level at which there are no more books produced by the federal government, and specific curricula are distributed by each state.
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This is an exercise included by the Secretary of Public Education of Puebla in the curriculum in this subject Socio-economic history of Mexico, the social sciences axis, which is publicly available on its website. It is dated as part of the curriculum for 2018, because this year the content has started to be updated, but they are being implemented in parts, so the 5th year when this exercise takes place falls on 2019, when Miguel arrived in the Barboza state government, from the Moreno party.
The exercise literally raises this situation:
I was having dinner and watching my “face” when my father, who is a public transport driver, told us that the traffic during his day shift was horrible because of “Fifi’s famous march” and it was very exhausting because on the bus there was a lot of petrol and there were few users who received very little money that day, and because they had to pay for the house, electricity, telephone and other bills, as this would hardly be enough, I kept seeing my face and mostly the meme of the march. , which made me laugh, but my mother, who is angry and scolds me, because some of her friends who work from home, carried the flags of their employers and said: what would you do, you would download the banners of their patrons? Because if you refuse, they won’t pay you for the day. “
The networks have criticized this as an example of the indoctrination of children and the creation of division among Mexicans by promoting the use of words such as “Fifi”that even international organizations, such as Article 19, criticize that they are used to stigmatize industries such as the press.
In an interview with Political animal, Puebla Secretary of State Meliton Lozano explained that it is about exercises called “situation in context”, that is, a practical example for the subject of research, which in this case is a problem of inequality. These examples are not mandatory but suggested content and are not passed on to students but only to teachers, but each is free to use them or bring others into line with the reality of their students, as may be the case in rural areas where they are to decide. problems with community problems.
The head of the department stated that there are no free high school textbooks issued by SEP; however, a private publisher has published a book where the concepts of social research are inappropriately contrasted.
– Minister of Education (@SEPGobPue) November 20, 2020
Lozano rejected that this was “indoctrination”, because young people are not forced to create something, but invited to think.
“They accuse of upbringing; it’s the other way around. Because indoctrination would be to say what to think and to establish value judgments or judgments about the truth: it’s a lie, it’s true, it’s good, it’s bad, and no. Rather, from the situation, the questions are taught to the student, and this should be thought-provoking. He is asked, for example, what will you do? This puts him in front of an ethical dilemma when a student has to take a position, analyze and argue. This is critical thinking, “he said.
The exercise itself has the following questions:
Why are they leaving? Why Fifís and Chairos? What are the characteristics of Fifís and Chairos? Which of these groups do I belong to? When I work, will I be able to pay my bills? What economic and social contradictions does the country have? Why are there so many inequalities in the country? Who did something to avoid this inequality? How is inequality reported in my country? What would the news be like after the march if I had a news program?
The official added that an example of this or any other march could be used to raise a social dilemma. He argued that if this case was used, it was because the media was actually reporting, such as when an exercise with students was to ask them to analyze the news.
“It’s like asking a student: take a newspaper and he’ll get the news from there, and let’s think about that news. So this is a connection; pedagogical principle is lifelong learning. And the starting point is not the exposed topic, because it is very boring for students, but rather a problem or situation, “he confirmed.
“The fact that the words ‘Fiveí’ and ‘chairo’ were adopted is that it was in the media as part of a social event.”
Indeed, in December 2019, one of the demonstrations against the government of Lopez Obrador took place in Mexico City, which showed images of people who seemed to be busy with the biggest banners.
The Federal EPS speaks of a “mistake”; Puebla denies this
The Federal EPS posted on its Twitter account that the displayed content was not part of the curricula and programs prepared by the agency, and that they would contact the local secretariat to “correct such errors and not repeat them in the future.”
As for concerns on social media about the content of the social sciences in Russia # Puebla, we clarify that this is not in line with the SEP curricula.
Therefore, together with @SEPGobPue We will see that such mistakes are corrected and will not be repeated in the future.
– SEP Mexico (@SEP_mx) November 19, 2020
But nevertheless, Meliton Lozano He assured that in the afternoon he talked to the head of the PEP Esteban Moktesuma, and that there were no problems.
“I talked to Esteban Moktesuma and explained the reasons, and he understood. From my point of view, this is not a mistake, it has a pedagogical basis, as I tell you, and is quite suitable for the pedagogy we use. I believe that this type of pedagogy of the new Mexican school needs to be deepened, ”he said.
Article 12 of the Law on General Education, he added, states that critical thinking should be encouraged, and this is achieved through reflection, not memorization, ie the transition from traditional to active pedagogy. And he cited three sources for the new teaching model: Frenchman Monique Denier and Jacques Ferman, Mexican Ricardo Cantoral of Cinvestav, and Spanish psychologist Carles Monereo Font.