SIDNEY, July 12 (Xinhua) – An international study led by Australian medical researchers has shown that reducing calorie intake, even moderately, can significantly reduce the risk of heart attack.
Published in the prestigious Journal of the Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology Journal on Monday, Sydney's annual study was conducted at three clinics in the United States and coordinated at Duke University in the UK.
"This is the first time we know that the results of limited calories have been analyzed in obese people with clinically normal risk factors," said senior author of an article from Luhaj Fontana, a professor at Sydney University.
"There is no other drug that can achieve these reductions in all of the usual cardiometabolic risk factors that we have made, due to a slight reduction in calorie intake, providing all the necessary vitamins and minerals with food."
With 75 moderate people between the ages of 21 and 50 who finished caloric research, participants were 13 times less likely to develop cardiovascular disease than people aged 50 or older with two or more abnormal risk factors .
Researchers said that the likelihood of developing other diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, stroke, inflammation and some forms of cancer, also significantly decreased.
"Modern medicine focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of clinically prominent chronic diseases, which in most cases can be prevented, alone, mainly through the use of drugs and surgery," Fontana explained.
"The problem with this approach is that many chronic diseases associated with the age, including cardiovascular diseases, begin at the beginning of life and progress over the decades of an unhealthy diet and lifestyle that cause a wide range of physiological, metabolic and molecular changes in initiation, progression and prediction of multiple medical conditions.
"Our research shows that even healthy young people and middle-aged people can benefit from focusing on calorie intake, with signs that it's important not to hold back at all, and even minor changes at any time of life can be of great significance."
"It should become an important new tool in the fight against the destruction of the Western lifestyle of the 21st century, when cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death and disability worldwide," Fontana concluded.