The Joint United Nations Program on HIV / AIDS (UNAIDS) discussed a new Global Strategy to Fight AIDS for 2021-2026 on March 24-25. According to this document, decisive steps will be taken in the next five years to fully eradicate AIDS by 2030. year.
UNAIDS estimates that if donor countries invest $ 29 billion a year, the HIV epidemic will be defeated in 10 years. Experts of the organization believe that the annual number of new cases of HIV infection will be reduced from 1.7 million in 2019 to 370 thousand in 2025, and the number of AIDS-related deaths from 690 thousand in 2019 – up to 250 thousand in 2025.
On March 31, the Russian Foreign Ministry issued a special press release announcing its departure from a number of provisions of the Global Strategy. The reason is the disagreement of the Russian side with the extension of the UNAIDS mandate beyond the scope of medical and social activities, as well as the inclusion of inconsistent terms and concepts in the text of the strategy.
According to the new strategy, HIV / AIDS prevention includes issues such as the eradication of inequalities on many grounds (including the protection of marginalized groups and minorities and the right of women and girls to sexual and reproductive health).
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“We emphasize that this document, which is intended to be a guide for the entire world community in the fight against HIV / AIDS for the next five years, does not contain measures to prevent youth work, treat drug addiction, promote healthy lifestyles and family values,” – the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia reports.
As of the end of 2019, there were about 38 million people living with HIV in the world, but only 68% of adults and 53% of children living with HIV received antiretroviral therapy (ART).
According to the Federal Scientific and Methodological Center for AIDS Prevention and Control, there are about 1.1 million people living with HIV in Russia. Among them, men dominate (62.6%), the highest detection rate is in the age group of 30-44 years. Among men aged 35-39, 3.3% lived in a country diagnosed with HIV.
Importantly, 63.2% of newly diagnosed HIV-infected people became infected through heterosexual contact, while homosexual infections accounted for only 2.6% of new cases.
Another 32.6% account for HIV transmission through drug use.
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