Multiple Sclerosis is an automatic disease – the immune system is fighting the body.
There are around 8,000 patients with multiple sclerosis living in Slovakia. "Their numbers are increasing, which can be caused by early diagnosis and especially by extending the lives of patients," said Jarmila Fajnorová, President of the Slovak Society Scleroris Multiplex (SZSM), for TASR.
The disease affects the central nervous system, the brain and the spinal cord. It is related to automatic illnesses, ie those with which the immune system fights with the body. In particular, they attack the nerve fibers and hurt them.
When someone is embarrassed, he often gets sclerosis. The neurologist, Branislav Brezhny, however, explains that there is no sclerosis like sclerosis. If the disease affects the cerebral cortex, which is responsible for the mental function, the clinical exposure of a person with vascular sclerosis is apparent. "Sclerosis multiplex is also referred to as multiple sclerosis, as the disease deposits are much and have spread over the brain," explained TASR Brezhny.
From the first symptoms to the development of the clinical condition of the disease, it can be several years. Often, the first symptom is marked tired, weakening and tingling the bodies. "Usually, the patient does not pay attention and does not see a doctor because he does not think this condition is alarming," said a neurologist, adding the impairment to sight, harassment, joint disturbance, and walking traps appear in patients.
The cause of the disease is not known
"Multiple sclerosis has varied and often amazing phrases, which is why diagnosis can not be easy and confusing with an experienced neurologist," said Brezhny, but the most serious problem is a momentum and fatigue limit. "Patients do not Simply moving, they will not come in. Even during a small exercise, they suddenly weaken and have to relax, "said Fajnor. For more severe mobility disorders, patients use walking sticks, French bars, pedestrians and wheelchairs. The effect on a soft hand wheel makes it harder.
Experts do not yet know exactly the cause of the disease. The infection factor can be virus infections. "More than a hundred viruses have been diagnosed after the infection," said Brezhny. Experts predict that the environment and increasing hygiene standards of the population, stress, nutrition practices or allergies can be affected. vitamin D deficiency and smoking, especially in young women, "added Brežný.
There is an event happening more often in women
"Sclerosis multiplex does not occur from consignment to load, but in families where the disease has already occurred, it occurs more often than in the rest of the population," said a neurologist, who appears Teens and Teens, about three times longer in women according to the SZSM, is the most common neurological disorder that is causing multiple sclerosis that leads to disability.
As a major priority in the treatment and diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, the neurologist is considering discovering new imaging methods and presented to medical practice. "Imaging magnetic resonance is the only imaging tool that can confirm damage to the fiber nerve package. We also map the effectiveness of the treatment," said Brezhny.
An increase in research has led to the emergence of a new biological treatment that multiple multiplex sclerosis can hold. "In the past, the patient was diagnosed with a skeleton disability, and children were not advised to have children, but today the patient with a full-life disease has the ability to take care of the family, and the disability has moved for over 15 years, "said the SZSM officers.
The most important is diet
Treatment with modern medicines demands financially, but health insurance companies in Slovakia deal with them. Approximately 2,000 patients are being treated in this country, and in 2016 health insurance companies spent more than 44 million euros. "But the patient pays for supplements and vitamin alleviation, such as relaxing muscle or pain," said the union.
"In the Centers for Multiple Sclerosis Treatment, we would like to have an outpatient clinic as well as outpatient neurology, where the collapse of the disease can be treated, that is, its sudden and aggravating failure Clinical condition immediately. There should be other medical professionals, such as an ophthalmologist, a doctors, a rehabilitation worker, a psychologist, a sociologist or a lawyer. We would like comprehensive care in one place that works in some of Western European countries, "said Fajnor .
Extending with other patients is part of psychotherapy
From the Labor Office, Social and Family Affairs, the patient can receive contributions for various compensatory, refurbished and flat aids as a barrier or to buy a car that is required for individual transport, depending on how much his disability In the Social Insurance Company, he or she can apply for an invalidity pension.
SZSM covers 25 clubs in Slovakia. For their members and others, they mainly organize educational activities and workshops of different physical activities with practical displays. Also, re-work is waiting. "The meeting of patients with multiple sclerosis is part of psychotherapy," added Fajnor. The vision, competitive examination of the abilities and skills of people with disabilities was part of the SZSM annual activities, as part of the annual SZSM activities. more.