In the presentation at the Chilean Catholic University, Tomás Egaña, a doctor in Human Biology and Pharmacy, explained that after eight years of analysis and testing with animals (mice, pigs and fish), the first clinical trial will start at El Salvador Hospital, Santiago, with twenty patients who suffered trauma.
"This step, which lasts six months, will be small but very important to show the security of the technology, if we can do it safely, we can do it to other types of patients and diseases, such as organ transplants and cancer patients, "he said. Egaña in statements to Efe.
This research, conducted at Chile's Catholic University, developed a first technique to make a skin transplant by embedding genetically modified microalgae to produce oxygen and regeneration and the area.
"90% of cells in our body are not human, the human body is a true ecosystem where micro-organisms and human cells coexist, what we want to find out, what & It happens in the body if we implant microalgae that produce photosynthesis, "said Egaña during the presentation.
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Photosynthesis is the process made by plants when they break water molecules, with light energy, and release the oxygen that everyone who lives on the planet eats, says # 39 ; The scientist from Chile.
"The big question is what we can achieve if people could reproduce this process in a therapeutic context, because many diseases are caused by a lack of oxygen such as hemorrhage, heart attack, or wounds big ones that do not improve, "added Egaña.
The first research line focuses on the potential applications of this wound technique to oxygenate through creams, bandages or lines that contain micro-organisms that perform photosynthesis.
Although the second line is investigating the application of this technology in organ transplantation, to ensure that organs live longer than the body, and in oncological therapies to get eliminate cancer cells better.
At the beginning of the research at Lübeck University, in Germany, where he was awarded a doctorate to Egaña, he successfully developed a test where he sprayed fish embryo, some microalgae, and successfully combined "without algae, they kill the embryo and without embryo killing the algae. "
According to the researcher emphasized Friday, the key to this first clinical trial will be precisely in order to avoid refusing patients to these transplants.
If the twenty patients have the skin transplant successfully, the idea is that when the skin is regenerated, it is removed by the same body or removed.
In this sense, the next six months will be essential to determine the possible operation of this technique in the future of medicine.